Publication ethics

Members of the editorial board of the scientific Journal of Oriental studies in their professional activities adhere to the principles and norms of "Publication Ethics for Scientific Journals of Al-Farabi KazNU". The publication ethics was developed per the international publication ethical standard of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), as well as the Ethical Principles for the publication of Scopus (Elsevier) journals, the Code of Ethics of the Scientist of Al-Farabi KazNU.

Publication ethics establish the norms, principles, and standards of ethical behavior for editors, reviewers, and authors, measures to identify conflicts of interest, unethical behavior, instructions for withdrawal (retraction), correction, and refutation of an article.

All participants in the publication process, namely, each author, scientific editor, reviewer, executive secretary, members of the editorial board of the scientific Journal of Oriental studies must unconditionally adhere to the principles, norms, and standards of publication ethics. Compliance with ethical principles is important both to ensure and maintain the quality of a scientific journal and to create trust and respect between the participants in the publication process.

Unethical behavior is considered to be the actions of authors, editors, or publishers, cases of self-submission of reviews of their articles, contractual and false reviewing, cases of resorting to agency services to publish the results of scientific research, false authorship, falsification, and fabrication of research results, the publication of false pseudo-scientific texts, manuscripts of articles to other publications without the permission of the authors, transfer of materials from authors to third parties, violation of copyright and confidentiality principles of editorial processes, cases of manipulation with citation, plagiarism.

Publication Ethics Principles for Editorial Board Members

Members of the editorial board of the Journal of Oriental studies responsible for the development, improvement of the journal, for the promotion of the journal in international databases, must follow the principles of freedom of opinion, satisfy the scientific and professional needs of the authors and readers of the journal, prevent the influence of the commercial interests of the author, reviewer, and publisher of the journal on making decisions about publication materials; they should also take all possible measures to improve the quality of scientific publications, to protect the confidentiality of information at all stages of the publication process.

Equality of all authors. The members of the editorial board are responsible for deciding whether to publish materials submitted by the authors in the journal. Editorial board members are expected to evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnicity, citizenship, authors' political views, or commercial considerations.

Deciding to publish the manuscript. The decision on which of the articles submitted to the editorial office should be published is made by the editorial board of the journal based on the results of checks for compliance with the formatting requirements, plagiarism, and based on the results of scientific review. When deciding on the publication of a manuscript, the editorial board is guided by the journal's policy and publication ethics, does not allow publication of articles with signs of plagiarism, violations of the principles, standards, and norms of scientific ethics, and copyright infringements.

The members of the editorial board are responsible for the publication of articles with known signs of unethical behavior, plagiarism, excessive self-citation by authors, and conflicts of interest. If the principles of publication and/or scientific ethics were violated while writing the article, the scientific editor of the journal, based on the decision of the editorial board, must retract the publication. Articles can be withdrawn by the author(s) or the editors of the journal. The editorial board carries out the withdrawal (retraction) of published articles in case of violation of publication and/or scientific ethics, based on the recommendations of COPE. An article is withdrawn/retracted in case of:

- if there is clear evidence that the data obtained is unreliable or obtained as a result of illegal actions, for example, data falsification;

- discovery of the fact of publication of the manuscript in another edition before its publication in the Journal of Oriental studies;

- detection of plagiarism in an article, including borrowing pictures, graphs, tables, etc.;

- the presence in the article of gross errors that can negatively affect other scientists and their research, for example, a miscalculation or error in an experiment;

- the appearance of claims of the copyright for the article or its parts by third parties;

- the presence of information in the article that contradicts the principles, standards, and norms of publication and/or scientific ethics.

In the above cases, the editorial board of the journal conducts a check, according to the results of which the article can be withdrawn/retracted from publication. An act of retraction of the article from publication is drawn up, which is confirmed and signed by the scientific editor. A copy of the act is sent to the corresponding author of the article.

Then, on the journal's website, the article is marked retracted with an indication of the reasons. The editorial board publishes information about the withdrawal (retraction) of the article on the main page of the journal's website and places information after the procedure of withdrawal (retraction) of the article in the subsequent issue of the journal.

Editorial office of the Journal of Oriental studies  responsibly, objectively, and attentively examines all justified appeals regarding violations found in published issues.

The editors consider it the responsibility and obligation of the authors and reviewers to inform the editors as quickly as possible about the mistakes and violations that they have identified after the publication of the material.

Confidentiality principle. At the stage of reviewing the manuscript (before its publication), editors and members of the editorial board should not disclose information about it to anyone other than the authors, appointed reviewers, and the publisher. Any manuscript received for review should be treated as confidential material. Manuscripts should not be displayed or discussed with third parties without the permission of the scientific editor.

Editorial board members ensure that rejected manuscripts will not be used in their research by members of the editorial board without the written consent of the authors.

Consideration of claims of unethical behavior. The members of the editorial board should individually consider each complaint about unethical behavior of the author(s) of the manuscript and published in the Journal of Oriental studies articles regardless of the time of their receipt. Members of the editorial board should take objective and adequate action about such claims. If the arguments of the claim are confirmed, the members of the editorial board have the right to refuse to publish the manuscript and stop further cooperation with the author for correspondence, publish the corresponding refutation, and also take other measures to further suppress the unethical behavior of the author (s).

Editorial Board, its duties and responsibilities

Duties and responsibilities of the scientific editor of the Journal of Oriental studies, the executive secretary, members of the editorial board are indicated in the corresponding approved job descriptions.

Principles of author publication ethics

One-time publication. The author (s) guarantee that the manuscript of the article submitted to the editor has not been submitted for review in other publications. Submitting a manuscript simultaneously in multiple journals/publications is unacceptable and is a flagrant violation of the principles, standards, and norms of publication ethics.

Authorship of the manuscript. The person who made the greatest intellectual contribution to the preparation of the manuscript (with two or more co-authors) is indicated first in the list of authors. For each article, an author must be appointed for correspondence, who is responsible for the preparation of the final version of the article, communication with the editorial board, must ensure the inclusion of all research participants (if the number of authors is more than one) who have made a sufficient contribution to it, in the list of authors, and also receive approval the final version of the manuscript from all authors for submission to the editors for publication. All authors mentioned in the manuscript/article are responsible for the content of the work.

The principle of originality. The author(s) guarantees that the research results presented in the manuscript represent original independent work and do not contain incorrect borrowings and plagiarism, which may be detected during the process of checking the manuscript through the plagiarism checker system.

The authors are responsible for the publication of articles with signs of unethical behavior, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, self-citation, falsification, fabrication, data distortion, false authorship, duplication, conflicts of interest, and deception.

The principle of confirmation of sources. The author(s) undertakes to correctly indicate the scientific and other sources that s/he (they) used in the course of the research. In the case of using any parts of someone else's work and/or borrowing statements from another author(s), the manuscript must contain bibliographic references indicating the author(s) of the source. Information obtained from questionable sources should not be used in the preparation of the manuscript.

If the reviewers, scientific editor, member(s) of the editorial board of the journal have doubts about the authenticity and reliability of the research results, the author(s) must provide additional materials to confirm the results or facts given in the manuscript.

Correction of errors in the publishing process. If errors and inaccuracies in the work are revealed at any stage of the publication process, the authors undertake to urgently inform the scientific editor about this and provide assistance in eliminating or correcting the error for publication on the journal's website of the corresponding correction (Erratum or Corrigendum) with comments. If gross errors are found that cannot be corrected, the author(s) must withdraw the manuscript/article.

Publication Ethics Principle. Authors are required to comply with ethical standards related to criticism or comments regarding research, as well as about interaction with the editorial board regarding peer review and publication. Failure to comply with ethical principles by the authors is regarded as a gross violation of publication ethics and gives rise to the removal of the manuscript from peer review and/or publication.

Principles of Publication Ethics for the Reviewer

The principle of objectivity of peer review. Reviewer(s) of the Journal of Oriental studies undertakes to carry out an expert assessment of the manuscript objectively. Personal criticism of the author(s) of the manuscript is unacceptable. The reviewer must give reasons for his comments and justify his decision to accept the manuscript or to reject it.

Nationality, religious affiliation, political or other views of the author(s) should not be taken into account in the process of reviewing the manuscript by the reviewer(s).

Reviewer contributions to editorial decisions. The peer review by the reviewer(s) helps the editorial board in deciding to publish and also helps the author(s) improve the manuscript. The decision to accept the manuscript for publication, return the work to the author for modification or revision or the decision to reject is made by the editorial board based on the review.

The principle of timeliness of peer review. The reviewer is obliged to provide a review within the period determined by the editors, but no later than two months from the date of receipt of the manuscript for review. If the review of the article and preparation of the review within the prescribed timeframe is not possible, then the reviewer must immediately notify the scientific editor of this situation.

A reviewer who believes that his qualifications do not correspond or are insufficient to make a decision when reviewing the submitted manuscript must immediately inform the scientific editor and refuse to review the manuscript.

The principle of confidentiality on the part of the reviewer. The manuscript provided to the reviewer for review should be treated as confidential material. The reviewer has the right to demonstrate it and/or discuss it with other persons only after receiving written permission from the scientific editor of the journal and/or author(s).

Information and research ideas obtained during the peer review and publication process should not be used by the reviewer(s) for personal gain.

The principle of confirmation of sources. The reviewer should indicate scientific papers that would have influenced the research results of the manuscript in question but were not cited by the author(s). Also, the reviewer is obliged to draw the attention of the scientific editor to significant similarities or coincidences between the manuscript in question and a previously published work of which he is aware.

If the reviewer has sufficient grounds to believe that the manuscript contains plagiarism, incorrect borrowing, false and fabricated materials or research results, then he should not allow the manuscript to be published and inform the scientific editor of the journal about revealed violations of the principles, standards, and norms of publication and scientific ethics.

Conflicts of interest

A conflict of interest, as defined by the Publication Ethics Committee (COPE), is a conflict situation in which authors, reviewers, or editorial board members have implicit interests that can influence their judgments regarding published material. A conflict of interest arises when there are financial, personal, or professional conditions that can affect the scientific judgment of the reviewer and editorial board members and, as a result, the editorial board's decision regarding the publication of the manuscript.

The executive editor of the journal should require all participants in the manuscript publication process to disclose a conflict of interest.

The academic editor, editorial board member, and reviewers must disclose potential conflicts of interest that could somehow influence the editorial board's decision. Members of the editorial board should refuse to consider the manuscript if they are in any competitive relationship related to the research results of the author (s) of the manuscript, or if there is another conflict of interest.

When submitting a manuscript for consideration to the journal, the author(s) declares that all sources of research funding are indicated in the manuscript content; also indicate what commercial, financial, personal, or professional factors exist that could create a conflict of interest concerning the submitted manuscript. If there is a conflict of interest, the author(s) in the cover letter may indicate scientists who, in their opinion, will not be able to objectively evaluate their manuscript.

The reviewer should not consider manuscripts that could cause a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration, or other relationships with any of the authors related to the manuscript.

If there is a conflict of interest with the content of the manuscript, the executive editor must notify the scientific editor, after which the scientific editor delegates the verification and review of the manuscript to another editor/reviewer.

The existence of a conflict of interest between the participants during the review process does not mean that the manuscript will be rejected.

All stakeholders should, as far as possible, avoid any variation of conflicts of interest at all stages of publication. In the ever case of any conflict of interest, the person who discovered this conflict must immediately notify the editorial board of this. The same applies to any other violation of the principles, standards, and norms of publication and scientific ethics.

Ethics of publication for scientific journals of al-Farabi KazNU