Geopolitical factors of the new silk road construction

  • А. А. Аубакирова KazNU

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to show the influence of Kazakhstan’s geopolitical factors in participating in the Chinese project «The Economic Belt of the New Silk Road.»The methodology of the research covers general scientific principles of cognition of economic and political phenomena – dialectical, concrete historical, systemic, which allow us to consider the interests of Kazakhstan and countries along the New Silk Road, as well as the risks arising in the course of construction. Traditional methods were also used, such as comparative, economic and statistical analysis and synthesis.Originality / value – the political and geographical position of Kazakhstan in the center of Eurasia continent between China, Russia and Europe is considered in historical aspect; the change in the economic and political situation of Kazakhstan in recent times in connection with the strengthening of China as the second economy of the world, the joint steps on the formation of China’s «One Belt-One Way»initiative and the «Nurly Zhol» Kazakhstan program were considered.Conclusion – as a result of the conducted research it was revealed that against the backdrop ofChina’s great successes in the world economy and its transformation into a major economic and politicalactor not only in Eurasia but also in the world, China is putting forward major projects of importancefor the whole continent. If earlier, its economic initiatives were of regional importance only for East andSouth-East Asia, now China is putting forward global projects. They meet the interests of Kazakhstan,who realized at the beginning of independence the minuses of its continental position and is seekingout from it in the framework of the program «Nurly Jol». The interests of other countries – Russia, otherpost-Soviet countries, Europe, Turkey, and Iran – are considered from the point of view of Kazakhstan’sinterests.
How to Cite
АУБАКИРОВА, А. А.. Geopolitical factors of the new silk road construction. Journal of Oriental Studies, [S.l.], v. 81, n. 2, p. 16-27, feb. 2018. ISSN 2617-1864. Available at: <https://bulletin-orientalism.kaznu.kz/index.php/1-vostok/article/view/1021>. Date accessed: 28 june 2022.